acid biodiversity contaminated deforestation afforestation vegetation ecosystem emissions erosion exhaust drought fertilizer greenhouse waste refuse
waterway-河道 waters-水域 pristine-崭新的 pervasive-普遍的(贬) ubiquitous-普遍的(中) inexorable-无情的 phosphate-based-含磷的
|enact laws/enforce laws/introduce laws/legislation—regulate and punish||impose “green taxes” on heavy industries|
|invest (money/fund) in/make investment in—alternative energy||clean energy/renewable energy/improve energy efficiency /public transportation/afforestation project|
|educate/advocate—raise the public’s awareness of||community service/activities/TV campaigns/invite celebrities to attract attention|
|lead/live a green/low-carbon lifestyle||use/take public transportation instead of private cars(green travel)|
|reduce the carbon footprints|
|reduce waste—recycle some useful materials||paper, batteries and electronic devices|
|sort household waste into different categories||waste-sorting: recyclable, hazardous, kitchen, resitual collection banks|
|participate in environment organizations|
|conserve water resources|
|损害||take one’s toll on/cause damage to|
|A对B造成很大负担||A put a heavy burden on B|
|处于危险中（注意区分）||be under threat from/be in danger of/put sth at risk|
|生态平衡||ecological balance/ecological equilibrium|
|增加农产品产量||boost crop yield|
|开采自然资源||exploit natural resources|
|短缺||be in a shortage/scarcity/dearth/lack of|
|给资源造成很大压力||put a strain on the already stretched resources|
|破坏自然资源||wreak havoc on natural resources|
|温室效应||greenhouse effect/global warming|
|白色污染产生的垃圾||non-biodegradable garbage/wastes that cannot decompose or breakdown/inorganic trash|
|不可再生资源||non-renewable resources(metals, minerals, petroleum, natural gas, coal(后三种为fossil fuels))|
|增强公众关于……的意识||raise/elevate the public awareness of sth|
|各国必须携手解决环境问题||countries on this planet must join forces/make a concerted effort/make collective efforts/unite to environmental problems|
|谴责而不是纵容||condemn rather than condone sth|
This indicated that environmental issues have become major concerns of citizens in metropolises.
The industries which caused severe contamination usually contribute to the tax revenue and overall GDP.
Car emissions contributes a lot to air pollution.
Most people only complain about the government when face traffic congestions.
In recent decades, the rapid development of industry benefits people a lot, but what is following is that we are suffering from grave environmental contamination.
|chronic disorder||diabetes, stroke, hypertension, respiratory, disease, malnutrition, obesity/overweight, heart disease, high cholesterol|
|infectious diseases||flu, skin disease, Aids|
|psychological problems||low self-esteem, unsociable, inferior, depression, anxiety, autism|
|poor/weakened eyesight||visual impairment, myopia|
|proper/wholesome eating habits||balanced diet, vegetarian|
|regular physical activity||jogging, swimming, climbing, yoga, do aerobics|
|a good mood/positive outlook|
|developing healthy habits|
|nutrients||fiber, vitamin, protein, mineral|
|unwholesome diet||imbalanced diet, junk food, high-calories, energy-dense, nutrient-poor, snack, fast food, meat-centered diet, binging/overeating, pre-prepared food/processed food, package food, fried food|
|physical inactivity||sedentary lifestyle, passive leisure pursuit, heavy TV viewing, addiction to cell phones|
|environmental problems||water/air/noise pollution, toxic substance, food pollution|
|stress||stressful life, workaholic|
|smoking and alcoholism|
The most effective way for the government to conserve energy is to increase the price of gasoline and electricity.
Whether or not the most effective way for the government to conserve energy is to increase the price of gasoline and electricity is an often-debated topic. While some people may feel that the authority should raise the price thus reducing people’s use of energy, I do not believe that this is the most effective way. A world where energy use is strictly restricted cannot guarantee people’s well-being, and human development would be retarded. I believe that the price should be reasonably set and as stable as possible instead of being recklessly increased.
Firstly, due to the increasing price of gasoline and electricity, the cost of living will correspondingly rise, which causes social problems. For instance, commuters, who choose public transport over driving owing to the increasing price of gasoline, may get exhausted from a longer commuting time than before. Then they will lack energy and patience in their work, which means their productivity may suffer. Lower productivity can hardly win them an opportunity to get promoted and decently paid. Without enough well-being, people tend to complain about the government.
Moreover, people who have high income or profit from energy are indifferent to high prices. For example, what energy related industries will do when face the increasing price of gasoline and electricity is to correspondingly raise the price of products, or lower the quality to reduce the cost. After all, the extra cost is ultimately borne by consumers. Besides, industrial output will decrease more or less. Once supply is less than demand, the public interest will be influenced by soaring prices. Capitalists, by contrast, benefit from it.
In conclusion, I hold an opinion that increasing the price of energy is far from being the best way to conserve energy. Rather than just focusing on raising prices, improving energy efficiency is a better idea. In this case, not only can people’s well-being be guaranteed, but also the problem of energy waste and environmental contamination will be significantly reduced.