Catalog
  1. 1. Environment
    1. 1.0.1. Words:
    2. 1.0.2. Expressions:
    3. 1.0.3. Sentences:
  • 2. Health
    1. 2.0.1. Expressions:
    2. 2.0.2. Practice:
  • TOEFL-Writing-Health and Environment

    Environment

    Words:

    acid biodiversity contaminated deforestation afforestation vegetation ecosystem emissions erosion exhaust drought fertilizer greenhouse waste refuse

    waterway-河道 waters-水域 pristine-崭新的 pervasive-普遍的(贬) ubiquitous-普遍的(中) inexorable-无情的 phosphate-based-含磷的

    Expressions:

    Government
    enact laws/enforce laws/introduce laws/legislation—regulate and punish impose “green taxes” on heavy industries
    invest (money/fund) in/make investment in—alternative energy clean energy/renewable energy/improve energy efficiency /public transportation/afforestation project
    educate/advocate—raise the public’s awareness of community service/activities/TV campaigns/invite celebrities to attract attention
    Individuals
    lead/live a green/low-carbon lifestyle use/take public transportation instead of private cars(green travel)
    reduce the carbon footprints
    reduce waste—recycle some useful materials paper, batteries and electronic devices
    sort household waste into different categories waste-sorting: recyclable, hazardous, kitchen, resitual collection banks
    participate in environment organizations
    conserve water resources
    useful expressions
    损害 take one’s toll on/cause damage to
    A对B造成很大负担 A put a heavy burden on B
    处于危险中(注意区分) be under threat from/be in danger of/put sth at risk
    生态平衡 ecological balance/ecological equilibrium
    可持续发展 sustainable development
    环保主义者 environmentalist/conservationist
    对环境无害的 environmentally-friendly
    肥沃/贫瘠的土壤 fertile/infertile soil
    臭氧层 ozone layer
    耕地 arable land/farmland
    增加农产品产量 boost crop yield
    开采自然资源 exploit natural resources
    短缺 be in a shortage/scarcity/dearth/lack of
    消耗(某种资源) consume/deplete
    耗尽(某种资源) use up/exhaust
    给资源造成很大压力 put a strain on the already stretched resources
    破坏自然资源 wreak havoc on natural resources
    污水 effluent/sewage
    排放 discharge
    温室效应 greenhouse effect/global warming
    严重的 severe/grave/grievous
    白色污染产生的垃圾 non-biodegradable garbage/wastes that cannot decompose or breakdown/inorganic trash
    恶化 deteriorate/aggravate
    可再生资源 renewable resources
    不可再生资源 non-renewable resources(metals, minerals, petroleum, natural gas, coal(后三种为fossil fuels))
    增强公众关于……的意识 raise/elevate the public awareness of sth
    各国必须携手解决环境问题 countries on this planet must join forces/make a concerted effort/make collective efforts/unite to environmental problems
    谴责而不是纵容 condemn rather than condone sth
    严厉的措施 harsh/stiff action/measures

    Sentences:

    1.这意味着环境问题已经成为大城市人们关心的主要问题。

    This indicated that environmental issues have become major concerns of citizens in metropolises.

    2.造成严重污染的产业往往对国家税收和整体GDP的贡献最大。

    The industries which caused severe contamination usually contribute to the tax revenue and overall GDP.

    3.汽车尾气是空气污染的重要原因。

    Car emissions contributes a lot to air pollution.

    4.面对交通堵塞,大部分人只会抱怨政府。

    Most people only complain about the government when face traffic congestions.

    5.近几十年工业的快速发展给人们带来了很大的好处,但紧随而来的是我们正在忍受的严重的环境污染。

    In recent decades, the rapid development of industry benefits people a lot, but what is following is that we are suffering from grave environmental contamination.

    Health

    Expressions:

    health conditions
    chronic disorder diabetes, stroke, hypertension, respiratory, disease, malnutrition, obesity/overweight, heart disease, high cholesterol
    infectious diseases flu, skin disease, Aids
    incurable/terminal diseases cancer
    psychological problems low self-esteem, unsociable, inferior, depression, anxiety, autism
    poor/weakened eyesight visual impairment, myopia
    attention disorder
    healthy lifestyle
    proper/wholesome eating habits balanced diet, vegetarian
    regular physical activity jogging, swimming, climbing, yoga, do aerobics
    adequate sleep
    a good mood/positive outlook
    developing healthy habits
    healthy consulting
    nutrients fiber, vitamin, protein, mineral
    unhealthy lifestyle
    unwholesome diet imbalanced diet, junk food, high-calories, energy-dense, nutrient-poor, snack, fast food, meat-centered diet, binging/overeating, pre-prepared food/processed food, package food, fried food
    physical inactivity sedentary lifestyle, passive leisure pursuit, heavy TV viewing, addiction to cell phones
    environmental problems water/air/noise pollution, toxic substance, food pollution
    stress stressful life, workaholic
    smoking and alcoholism
    drug addiction

    Practice:

    The most effective way for the government to conserve energy is to increase the price of gasoline and electricity.

    Whether or not the most effective way for the government to conserve energy is to increase the price of gasoline and electricity is an often-debated topic. While some people may feel that the authority should raise the price thus reducing people’s use of energy, I do not believe that this is the most effective way. A world where energy use is strictly restricted cannot guarantee people’s well-being, and human development would be retarded. I believe that the price should be reasonably set and as stable as possible instead of being recklessly increased.

    Firstly, due to the increasing price of gasoline and electricity, the cost of living will correspondingly rise, which causes social problems. For instance, commuters, who choose public transport over driving owing to the increasing price of gasoline, may get exhausted from a longer commuting time than before. Then they will lack energy and patience in their work, which means their productivity may suffer. Lower productivity can hardly win them an opportunity to get promoted and decently paid. Without enough well-being, people tend to complain about the government.

    Moreover, people who have high income or profit from energy are indifferent to high prices. For example, what energy related industries will do when face the increasing price of gasoline and electricity is to correspondingly raise the price of products, or lower the quality to reduce the cost. After all, the extra cost is ultimately borne by consumers. Besides, industrial output will decrease more or less. Once supply is less than demand, the public interest will be influenced by soaring prices. Capitalists, by contrast, benefit from it.

    In conclusion, I hold an opinion that increasing the price of energy is far from being the best way to conserve energy. Rather than just focusing on raising prices, improving energy efficiency is a better idea. In this case, not only can people’s well-being be guaranteed, but also the problem of energy waste and environmental contamination will be significantly reduced.

    Author: Christopher Shen
    Link: https://www.pasxsenger.com/2019/11/11/TOEFL-Writing-Health-and-Environment/
    Copyright Notice: All articles in this blog are licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 unless stating additionally.
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